International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1308-951X

Original article | International Journal of Research in Teacher Education 2019, Vol. 10(2) 64-74

Parent Behaviors During Storybook Reading: A Scale Development Study

Lütfiye Coşkun, Ümit Deniz, Diyu Chen & George S. Morrison

pp. 64 - 74   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1901-23-0003

Published online: June 26, 2019  |   Number of Views: 191  |  Number of Download: 711


This study was designed to develop a valid and reliable instrument, The Parent Behaviors during Storybook Reading to Their Children Scale. Randomly selected 238 parents were included in the study. The scale development procedure included four steps: developing initial items, implementing purifying measures, data collection and assessing reliability and validity of the proposed measurement scale. Both exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were used to test validity of the scale. Reliability of the scale was analyzed by calculating the Cronbach alpha internal consistency. Development process suggested a reliable and valid scale for parent reading behavior should be comprised four dimensions: (1) Asking questions, (2) Forming routine, (3) Pointing to the print and (4) Pointing to the picture. As a result of the reliability and validity analysis, The Parent Behaviors during Storybook Reading to Their Children Scale was found to be a reliable and valid scale for implementation with parents. Given the scarcity of research on the parent reading scale in early childhood education, the scale developed in this study will serve as a foundation for future research. The findings of this study may help to stimulate further empirical research on the parent reading behavior.

Keywords: Reading book to children; Parent reading behavior; Scale development; Validity; Reliability; Early childhood

How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Coskun, L., Deniz, U., Chen, D. & Morrison, G.S. (2019). Parent Behaviors During Storybook Reading: A Scale Development Study . International Journal of Research in Teacher Education, 10(2), 64-74.

Coskun, L., Deniz, U., Chen, D. and Morrison, G. (2019). Parent Behaviors During Storybook Reading: A Scale Development Study . International Journal of Research in Teacher Education, 10(2), pp. 64-74.

Chicago 16th edition
Coskun, Lutfiye, Umit Deniz, Diyu Chen and George S. Morrison (2019). "Parent Behaviors During Storybook Reading: A Scale Development Study ". International Journal of Research in Teacher Education 10 (2):64-74.

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