International Association of Educators   |  ISSN: 1308-951X

Original article | International Journal of Research in Teacher Education 2018, Vol. 9(3) 1-8

Wash-backEffects of National Higher Education Entrance Examinations on Students’ EnglishLanguage Learning:  In Selected Schoolsof North Western Ethiopia

Zeleke Workneh Ayele Ayele

pp. 1 - 8   |  Manu. Number: MANU-1806-28-0002

Published online: September 30, 2018  |   Number of Views: 109  |  Number of Download: 719


Abstract

The main purpose of this study was toassess wash-back effect of English grade 12 national examinations on students’ English Language learning. The research design was descriptive survey. Questionnaires, document analysis and interview were employed as methods of data collection. The obtained data was analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. The quantitative data were analyzed by using mean and percentage. The finding of this research indicates that the university entrance examination influenced English teachers not to teach English Language skills like listening skills, oral speaking skills and paragraph and essay writing skills. English Foreign Language in the classroom tailored by higher education entrance examinations.Based on the findings the following recommendations were made. Firstly, English teachers should consider that they are teaching to improve their students’ communicative competence. Hence, the neglected skills in the entrance examination in English subject are highly importance to use the language for communicative purpose and they should treat those contents equally with other portions of the course. Next, the school principals should create awareness for the students to learn all English course contents that will important for them to be effective in all other academic courses in their future endeavor. Finally, ministry of Education should give value for grad 11 and grade 12 transcripts while students are being assigned to universities and field of studies and teachers should consider all the course contents in the classroom assessments.

Keywords: wash back effect; English language learning; standardized examination; multiple choice; essay writing; oral speaking; paragraph writing; national exam


How to Cite this Article?

APA 6th edition
Ayele, Z.W.A. (2018). Wash-backEffects of National Higher Education Entrance Examinations on Students’ EnglishLanguage Learning:  In Selected Schoolsof North Western Ethiopia. International Journal of Research in Teacher Education, 9(3), 1-8.

Harvard
Ayele, Z. (2018). Wash-backEffects of National Higher Education Entrance Examinations on Students’ EnglishLanguage Learning:  In Selected Schoolsof North Western Ethiopia. International Journal of Research in Teacher Education, 9(3), pp. 1-8.

Chicago 16th edition
Ayele, Zeleke Workneh Ayele (2018). "Wash-backEffects of National Higher Education Entrance Examinations on Students’ EnglishLanguage Learning:  In Selected Schoolsof North Western Ethiopia". International Journal of Research in Teacher Education 9 (3):1-8.

References

    Akpinar, K. D., & Cakildere, B. (2013). Washback effects of high-stakes language tests of Turkey on productive and receptive skills of academic personnel. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 9(2) Available online at www.jlls.org

    Alderson, J.C. Foreword. In: Cheng, L.; Watanabe, Y.; Curtis, A. (Eds.).(2004). Washback in Language Testing: Research Contexts and Methods. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates: New Jersey.

    Alderson J C & Wall, D. (1993). “Does washback exist?” Applied Linguistics. 14/2.

    Hughes, A. (1989). Testing for Language Teachers. Cambridge: CUP

    Kluitmann, S. (2008). Testing English as a Foreign Language Two EFL-Tests used in Germany. Albert-Ludwigs University Press

    Lakew Kebede. (2004). The Extent of Teachers Involvement in Improving Students’ Speaking Skill. (Unpublished MA Thesis).  Addis Ababa University.

    Lemlem Telila. (2010). Review of some recent literature: Identifying Factors that Affect Ethiopia’s Education Crisis. Ethiopian e-Journal for Innovative and Research Foresight, 2 (2), 56-68. Retrieved from http://www.nesglobal.org 

    Nugussie Tamrat. (2002). The Content Validity of the Ethiopian General Secondary

             Education Certificate English Examination. (unpublished MA thesis). Addis Ababa University.

    Oz, H. (2014).  Turkish Teachers‘Practices of Assessment for Learning in the English as a Foreign Language Classroom. Academy Publisher. 5 (4).

    Salehi, M. and Yunus, H. (2012). The Washback Effect Of The Iranian Universities Entrance Exam: Teachers’ Insights. Journal of Language Studies. 12(2).